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    詩歌散文 > 散文精選 > 現代散文 > 問道常寧宮

    問道常寧宮

    作者: 胡中華2018年03月22日來源: 商洛日報現代散文

    正是桃紅似錦,柳綠如絲的季節,中國作協在常寧宮舉辦學員學習班,學習領會習總書記的“講話”精神。我懷著忐忑不安的心情和家明一塊走進了常寧宮。

    初進前院,對這個又遠又偏僻的賓館并無好感,狹窄的道路,破舊的前院,并無創意的山莊大門,很難理解會議選址的初衷。三天的時光很快過去了,短暫的小住卻讓我有了迷戀的感覺。

    常寧宮在神禾塬的一側,場地落差很大。接待大廳位于最高處,向南走過“中央大禮堂”,是窯洞式別墅“滈水別居”,極目終南山,俯視“哈蟆灘”,頓讓人心曠神怡。循數百步臺階向下,是惠賓樓、會議室。從簡單的文字介紹中了解到,這不僅是一代文學宗師柳青曾經生活創作的地方,也是蔣介石在西北的行宮,蔣緯國與石紫玉結婚生活的地方。早在唐代,這里便被命名為常寧宮。廟宇并不大,香客也不多,然而,有了故事便有了名,這大概是久盛不衰的原因吧!

    作協大部分領導都來到了學習班,黃道俊書記主持開班儀式,中國作協副主席、省作協主席賈平凹作重要講話,學員代表也表了態,而后黃道俊書記,文藝報社長張凌、主編徐可作了輔導報告,觀看了柳青扎根神禾塬的紀錄片,學員對講話精神進行了認真的討論,交流了心得體會,讓我們對創作思想有了新的認知。

    信仰決定創作思想、創作思路、創作方向。谷子和稗子、好人和壞人、善良和邪惡,不同的認知有不同的切入點,有不同的觀察方位。只有樹立為人民創作的思想,才能寫出反映時代心聲,人民喜愛的作品。文以載道是中華民族的美學精神,作家不僅要有讀萬卷書,行萬里路的學養、修養,還要有以文育人、文以載道的品德。作家要解決為誰寫,寫什么的問題,要樹立為世人存道,為社會為文,為天地立心,為生民立命,為萬世開太平的胸懷。

    偉大的現實主義作家柳青是九級高干,他放著大都市的舒適生活不過,且一頭扎進哈蟆灘中,與人民同生活、共命運,才寫出了偉大的現實主義作品《創業史》。生活是創作的源泉,要尋找民族的共同情感和歷史價值,還得要根植于人民群眾之中。歷史事件要過學科的篩子、法律的篩子、審美的篩子、道德的篩子,有了生活基礎,才能在具象中提煉出具有社會意義的高大形象。

    講中國故事,要有基本觀點和基本思想。文學規律流淌在創作過程的血脈之中,創作者要處理好文學與時代、文學與生活、文學與社會的關系。時代的發展是自信的基礎,經濟全球化,文學全球化,母語的價值是不可改變的。要把以自我為中心的立場改變為以人民為中心的立場,這是文學走向的核心問題。現在是偉大的民族復興時代,文學也需要馬克思主義的中國化。要相信,歷史是人民創造的,歷史也一定是人民譜寫的。作家要在作品以外下功夫,堅持文學理想,以文學為支點,立德、立身、做人。最重要的,還是要創作出無愧于時代的好作品。

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